Access for All: Access and Babies, Toddlers, and Their Caregivers

January 2022


More than a billion children live in cities, yet most of our cities have not been designed to meet the needs of babies, toddlers, and their caregivers. Mobility systems are often not planned with their travel characteristics in mind. This negatively affects children’s physical, mental, and cognitive development in cities, as well as increases stress on caregivers and families.

This report, developed with support from the Bernard van Leer Foundation, explores the complex mobility needs of babies and toddlers (0-5 years old), as well as their caregivers, to help relevant stakeholders improve access and planning. 


Urban investments into the well-being of children and their families from an early age can lead to lifelong benefits, including educational achievement, positive health outcomes, and higher earning potential. Cities that are designed to be more accessible to our most vulnerable populations are cities that are more livable and equitable for everyone. 

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